The Taj of India : Taj Mahal
Symbol of love considered by many a style that combines elements from Persian, Indian, Islamic and Ottoman
architectural style.In 1983, the Taj Mahal, a UNESCO World Heritage site. While the white marble domed mausoleum is the most famous part of the Taj Mahal, actually an integrated complex of structures. Construction began around 1632 and 1653, thousands of craftsmen and craftswomen service has been achieved. Makramat Abd-UL Karim Taj Mahal building Ma “under the direction of architects including mur Royal Council was appointed KhanUstad Ahmad lahauri, Khan and designer of lahori at all, is treated as.
History Of Taj Mahal
Abdul Hamid lahori, called the Badshahnama, Shah Jahan, author of the official history of the reign of Taj Mahal Madīna Rauza I means enlightened or tombs.
Shah Jahan after being dethroned by her son by his son Aurangzeb and put under house arrest near Agra Fort, in the event of the death of Shah Jahan gave Aurangzeb was buried in a mausoleum next to his wife.
At the end of the 19th century, parts of the buildings fell in the most severe cases of abandonment. Revolt of 1857 in India during the British soldiers and the Government, the Taj Mahal, which was chiseled jewels and officials from lapis lazuli from the walls of the British Viceroy Lord was broken at the end of the 19th century extensive restoration, which was completed in the year 1908, Curzon ordered the Interior rooms of the mosque in Cairo, a large lamp model, ordered at this time is still in place today, repair British-style garden.
The Taj Mahal complex is bounded on three sides by walls of sandstone Red House of oven, with the side of the left face of the river open. Outside the walls are several additional mausoleums, including those of Shah Jahan other women and one more great tomb for the servant favorite of Mumtaz.
The main entrance gate (darwaza) is a monumental structure built mainly marble recalls that Mughal architecture of previous emperors do. Its mirror doors form of Tomb of the ports, and its pishtaq arches incorporate calligraphy
that decorates the Tomb. It uses the bas-relief and pietra dura inlaid decorations with floral motifs. The walls and vaulted ceilings have geometric designs developed, such as those found in other buildings of the complex sandstone.
At the end of the complex there are two buildings of large red sandstone open on the sides of the Tomb. Back in parallel the Western and Eastern walls and the two buildings are exact mirror of the other images. The West building is a mosque and the other is the jawab (answer), whose main purpose was architectural balance, although it may have been used as a guest house. The distinction between these two buildings include lack of mihrab (a niche in a wall of the mosque face Mecca) in the jawab and floors of jawab have a geometric design, while the outlines of 569 prayer mosques has been installed with rugs in black marble. Basic design of a long Hall surmounted the mosque by three domes is similar to others built by Shah Jahan, particularly to his Jahan Numa Masjid, or mosque Jama Masjid, Delhi. The mosques of this period Mughal divided the room shrine in three areas, with a main sanctuary and a little more small sanctuaries on both sides. At the Taj Mahal, each shrine is open on a huge vaulted dome. These remote buildings were completed in 1643.
The campus is located around 300 meters (980 ft) large square charbagh or Mughal garden uses that trigger is garden parterres, in each of the four corners of the sunken or flower split channels. a marble water tank, on the halfway between elevated Garden Tomb and a North-South axis with a mirror door of water between, Reflects the image of the mausoleum raised marble water tank Al Hawd. Al-fertility, “Mohammed pledged to tank teeming with” context is called.
On the other hand, the garden is landscaped with trees and fountains paths. Charbagh garden, Persian garden, inspired by a design by the first Mughal Emperor Babur in India was present. oozing Paradise (Paradise) of the four rivers of paradise, Persian paridaeza, meaning ‘ walled garden ‘ is derived from the garden of Mystic Islamic texts of Mughal period, North, South, West to the garden a central spring or mountain, with four rivers flowing from the abundance of the model is described as a garden of paradise.
Since its creation the origin of culture and geography across a building appreciation, and so personal and emotional responses is assumed constant school evaluations monuments.
A long-standing myth holds that Shah Jahan planned a mausoleum in black in contrast to a black marble Taj Mahal built as Yamuna. Jean Baptiste Tavernier, who in 1665-visited Agra a European traveler fantasy writing came from thoughts. it has been suggested that Shah Jahan was overthrown by his son Aurangzeb before it can be constructed in a moonlit ruins Garden, Garden River, Prajatantra has Outstanding black marble this legend seemed to support., however, Excavations in the 1990s found that they had the white stones that black discoloration. origin of the black mausoleum for a more credible theory that reconstructed part of the Moonlight garden pool was performed in 2006 by archeologists. Dark reflection of the white mausoleum could clearly see, passion of positioning and Shahjahan symmetry pools.
There is no evidence that description, often horrifying detail, dismemberments and distortions that Shah Jahan, presumably affiliated with various architects and craftsmen serious damage to those involved in the building died. sign some stories say the contract has no role in a similar design to commit themselves to similar claims several famous buildings. are there claims that Lord William Bentinck, The Governor General is supposed to be in the 1830s that India’s Taj Mahal and marble auctions planned to destroy any evidence. Bentinck biographer John Rosselli says that the story of the Agra Fort fundraising Bentinck was from the sale of marble.
Another myth suggests that inspiration will cause to occur water Ridge beat silhouette. until now, the authorities are broken around bracelet silhouette.
India’s Supreme Court to declare that a Hindu King built the Taj Mahal for 2000 p. Plea rejected in oak n. in 2005, a similar petition by the Supreme Court in the case of the Allahabad drove by Amar Nath Mishra, a social activist and preacher who says the Taj Mahal built by the Hindu King Parmar dev in 1196, was brought by that.
The Taj Mahal attracts large numbers of visitors. More than 200000 abroad by UNESCO in 2001, including documented more than 2 million visitors. Two-tier pricing system for Indian citizens and foreigners with the more expensive part of small on site. In the cooler months of October, November and February the majority of tourists visit. Traffic is not allowed near polluting facilities and many tourists have electric parking or bus. Havasspuras (Northern courtyards) as a new visitor center is being restored.
The Taj Mahal, the recently announced new seven wonders of the world, a recent survey of 100 million votes in the seven wonders of the modern world, including several nearby sites for the ads often featured list.
The 06:00 to 19:00 weekdays, Saturday, when 12:00 and 14:00 Mosque complex was opened with prayer, open to the full moon and the night two days ago. complex and later Friday, with the exception of the day and the month of Ramadan is open to take a look at, for security reasons only five items a little camera video Water in transparent bottles, cameras, mobile phones and small ladies ‘ bags are allowed in the Taj Mahal.